Swimming

Swimming stats: Swimmers Who Have set the Most World Records in a Calendar Year

Swimming is an activity in which the human body travels through water using its limbs. It is regarded as one of the best exercises for maintaining a healthy, active physique. Also, it eases joint and bone discomfort and aids in the recovery of respiratory problems. Swimming is not only a leisure activity, but it is also a professional sport that provides a variety of ways to compete either individually or as a team.

Swimming is a centuries-old sport that has been practiced for thousands of years. In Japan in 1603, the first swimming competition was recorded. Nonetheless, it was not until 1837 that London hosted swim Meets and held a championship over 440 yards, formalizing some standards for the sport. The Federation International de Natation Amateur (FINA), which has members from eleven countries, was established in 1869, the same year as the Association Metropolitan Swimming Club.

In the beginning, swimming events took place in the sea, but eventually, they moved to pools. Backstroke, breaststroke, and freestyle races were the first to be held exclusively for males. But, in 1912, competitions for women also began. The Olympic Games and the World Championships, which debuted in 1973, are the two biggest swimming competitions.

Read More-Swimming records that have not been bettered since Summer Olympics 2020 in Tokyo

Swimming as a Competitive sport

In Athens in 1896, men’s competitive swimming was incorporated into the Olympic Games. In 1902, the Australian Richmond Cavill popularized freestyle in the West. The year 1908 witnessed the establishment of Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA), the international swimming federation. In 1912, swimming for women was added to the Olympic program. The first international swimming competition for women held outside of the Olympic program was the 1922 Women’s Olympiad. The butterfly was developed in the 1930s and was initially considered a variation of the breaststroke until 1952 when it was recognized as a distinct form.

Swimming has several types, including sprinting, distance swimming, and middle-distance swimming. Competitive swimwear is designed to highlight exposed skin to gain a competitive advantage and inclusion. Polyurethane suits were outlawed in 2009 because they made athletes more buoyant, changing FINA’s guiding principles and policies. Also, these guidelines prohibited suits that conceal the neck or extend past the shoulders for women and the navel for men.

Swimmers Who have set the Most World Records in a Calendar Year

For a swimmer, establishing world records in a single year requires a lot of hard work, dedication, and most importantly consistency. Achieving world records over and over again within a given calendar year is a phenomenal achievement and tells a lot about the caliber and abilities of these swimmers. We will now take a look at swimmers who have set the most number of world records in a given calendar year. The list is topped by Mark Spitz of the United States , while Kornelia Ender (1973 and 1976) and Michael Phelps (2008 and 2003) have accomplished the feat twice.

NameNo. of timesYearEvents
Mark Spitz (USA)121972100m Freestyle, 200m Freestyle, 100m Butterfly, 200m Butterfly, Relays
Inge de Bruijn (Netherlands)11200050m Freestyle, 100m Freestyle, 50m Butterfly, 100m Butterfly
Chet Jastremski (USA)91961100m Breaststroke, 200m  Breaststroke, 4×100 Medley
Kornelia Ender (East Germany)91973100m Freestyle, 100m Butterfly, 200m Individual Medley, Relays
Kornelia Ender (East Germany)91976100m Freestyle, 200m Freestyle, 100m Backstroke, 100m Butterfly, 200m Individual Medley, 4×100 M
Michael Phelps (USA)92008200m Freestyle, 100m Butterfly, 200m Butterfly, 200m Individual Medley, 400mIndividual Medley, Relays
Donna de Varona (USA)81964200m Individual Medley, 400m Individual Medley, Relays,
Claudia Kolb (USA)81967200m Individual Medley, 400m Individual Medley, 4x200m Freestyle
Mark Spitz (USA)81967400m Freestyle, 100m Butterfly, 200m Butterfly, 4x200m Freestyle
Debbie Meyer (USA)81968200m Freestyle, 400m Freestyle, 800m Freestyle, 4×200 Freestyle
Ulrike Richter (East Germany)81974100m Backstroke, 200m Backstroke, 4x100m Medley
Penny Heyns (South Africa)8199950m Breaststroke, 100m Breaststroke, 200m Breaststroke
Michael Phelps (USA)82003100m Butterfly, 200m Butterfly, 200m Individual Medley, 400m Individual Medley
(As of January 14, 2023)

Read More-Swimmers who have held World Championships titles in Senior and Junior events at the same time