Swimming

Swimmers who have set the most world records in a single event

Swimming is the act of propelling one’s body through water with the assistance of limbs in order to travel in a particular direction. It is now recognized as one of the largest worldwide sports programs with a variety of competitive events. It was organized for the first time as an unofficial race in Japan in 1603. The London Sports Association staged swim meets in 1837 and had a championship over 440 yards in 1846, formalizing some regulations. The Association Metropolitan Swimming Club was established in 1969. In the same year, the Federation Internationale de Natation Amateur (FINA) was established, with ten member countries.

Swimming events were initially held in the sea, but after a while, they were moved to pools. Backstroke, breaststroke, and freestyle races were the first to be contested, although exclusively for males. In 1912, however, women’s races in all three strokes also commenced. The length of the pools changes depending on the race, which is usually held in a 25m or 50m pool. For eight athletes to race against each other, the pool is split into eight lanes marked with lane markers. Moreover, they are numbered 1 through 8 from right to left. Each lane has eight judges assigned to observe if the swimmers are moving based on their stroke.

Read more: Swimming Governing Body FINA changes its name to ‘World Aquatics’

Swimmers who have established the maximum world records in Long Course

At present, there are four strokes which are practiced in the world in competitive swimming namely – Backstroke, Breaststroke, Butterfly and Medley. We will now take a look at the swimmers who have established the world record on maximum number of occasions in Long course (50 m) events.

SwimmerNo. of timesCategoryCategoryYears
Dawn Fraser11Women100 m Freestyle1956 – 1964
Don Schollander11Men200 m Freestyle1962 – 1968
Satoko Tanaka10Women200 m Backstroke1959 – 1963
Kornelia Ender9Women100 m Freestyle1973 – 1976
Ulrike Richter9Women100 m Backstroke1973 – 1976
Mark Spitz9Men200 m Butterfly1967 – 1972
Roland Matthes9Men100 m Backstroke1967 – 1973
Ragnhild Hveger8Women400 m Freestyle1937 – 1940
Donna De Varona8Women200 m Individual Medley1961 – 1964
Roland Matthes8Men200 m Backstroke1967 – 1972
Michael Phelps8Men200 m Butterfly2001 – 2009
Michael Phelps8Men400 m Individual Medley2002 – 2008
Michael Phelps8Men200 m Individual Medley2003 – 2008

Read more: How much will the USA Swimming pay for winning the Worlds and Olympics relays?